The city proper has a population of 385,525, making it the 52nd-largest city in the United States and the second-largest city in Ohio. Greater Cleveland is ranked as the 33rd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S., with 2,057,009 people in 2018.

Why Support Immigrants & Refugees?

Immigrants and refugees play an increasingly critical role in Greater Cleveland’s economy, especially as many residents are reaching retirement and the native-born population as a whole is aging. Between 1970 and 2013 the city of Cleveland lost nearly half of its population, falling from the 10th to the 45th largest U.S. city. Population decline threatens economic competitiveness, decreases the number of taxpayers, and reduces political representation and influence at the federal level. It also does not reflect the greatness of our people, and we are a great people.

Historical Perspective

In 1900, Cleveland was the nation’s fifth most important immigrant gateway city, with nearly 33% of its population foreign-born. During this time, Cleveland’s population was at its highest level of nearly 800,000. The immigrant population migrating to the region drove early 20th century industrial innovation and growth. When we look to the centennial celebrations occurring now, including The Cleveland Foundation, the City Club of Cleveland, the Metroparks, and Cleveland Cultural Gardens, it is no coincidence that these Cleveland-based civic giants began during the highest period of international citizen growth in the history of our Land.

In addition to driving industry and culture, immigrants continue to be twice as likely as native-born to become entrepreneurs. In 2014, immigrant entrepreneurs launched 28.5% of new businesses in the United States, helping to boost new business creation nationally. In Ohio, immigrants have founded more than 20,000 businesses, making them 6.7% of all business owners. In 2010, new immigrant business owners had total net business income of $1.3 billion, which is 5.7 percent of all net business income in the state. Immigrant entrepreneurs have contributed to Ohio’s economy throughout the state’s history, founding such companies as Proctor & Gamble and Eaton Corporation. Other Ohio-based Fortune 500 companies that have at least one immigrant or child of an immigrant co-founder include Kroger, Limited Brands, Big Lots, and Owens-Illinois

Although the international-born population of Cleveland represented only 4.9% of population in 2012, they held more than 5.1% of the total spending power of Cleveland, or more than $576 million. The Partnership for a New American Economy estimates that international-born residents of Cleveland contributed nearly $75 million in state and local tax dollars, including income, property, sales, and excise taxes paid to the State of Ohio and the City of Cleveland. This represents almost 5.1% of all state and local tax revenues paid by Cleveland residents, indicating the immigrant community pays well more than it’s share of state and local taxes relative to income.

City of Cleveland Population


Greater Cleveland Population


Newcomers' Economic Impact


The Future is Welcoming the World

In 2011, 19.3% of immigrants 27 years or older in the Cleveland metro area held graduate or professional degrees. The overall percentage of young (age 25-34) Clevelanders with this level of education in 2009 was 15%. Continuing to fuel international “brain gain”, in the fall of 2013 there were 29,488 international students enrolled at higher education institutions across Ohio. In the year 2013 alone, these international students supported 11,337 jobs in the state of Ohio and contributed $827.28 million to the state’s economy. Ohio’s postsecondary education of international students has become the state’s 15th largest export.

New Americans create new companies, revitalize neighborhoods, pay taxes, attract investments from overseas, and expand economic opportunities for all residents. Immigration and international diversity opens up opportunities and drives the new innovation economy. Our city and region are the beautiful and great places they are for many reasons. One integral reason is the welcome we gave decades and centuries ago – and continue to give today — to immigrants and refugees. The greatest physical and spiritual structures in our community have always been bridges; bridges that connect our sisters and brothers across the oceans to us, bridges that bring innovation from other lands to us and bridges that take our best ideas and shine a light to the world.

Global Cleveland was formed in 2011 to share this message and to join the national movement of inclusive communities across the United States. We hope you will join us.

Immigrant Owned Restaurant Map & Directory

Aladdin’s Eatery (Lebanon)

Lebanese-American Restaurant Multiple Locations (OPEN)

Anatolia Cafe (Turkey)

Turkish and Mediterranean Restaurant 2270 Lee Road, Cleveland Heights 44118

Antalya Red Square (Russia)

Restaurant and Party Center 5131 Mayfield Road Lyndhurst 44124 (CLOSED)

Balaton (Hungary)

Hungarian Restaurant 13133 Shaker Square Cleveland 44120 (OPEN)

Barroco (Colombia)

Latin American Restaurant 12906 Madison Ave. Lakewood 44107 (OPEN)

Batuqui (Brazil)

Brazilian Restaurant 12706 Larchmere Blvd. Cleveland 44120 (OPEN)

Boiler 65 (Cambodia)

Seafood Restaurant 6410 Detroit Ave Cleveland 44102 (OPEN)

Bratenahl Kitchen (Caribbean)

Caribbean Restaurant 14002 Lakeshore Blvd Cleveland 44110

Bo Loong (China)

Restaurant, dim sum, karaoke 3922 St. Clair Avenue Cleveland 44114 216-391-3113 (OPEN)

Callaloo Café (Trinidad)

15601 Waterloo Road Cleveland 44110

Cookie Art Design (Lithuania)

Artisan Cookies (CLOSED)

Country Style Jamaican Restaurant (Caribbean)

Jamaican Restaurant 4213 E. 131st St. Cleveland 44105

Cravings Café (Thailand)

Thai Restaurant and Cafe 19701 Lake Road Rocky River 44116 (CLOSED)

Das Schnitzel Haus (Germany)

German Restaurant & Beer Garden 5728 Pearl Road Parma 44129 (CLOSED)

Der Braumeister Restaurant & Market (Germany)

German Deli 13046 Lorain Ave Cleveland 44111

El Arepazo y Pupuseria (Colombia & El Salvador)

South American Restaurant 22799 Lorain Rd Cleveland 44126

Empress Taytu Ethiopian Restaurant (Ethiopia)

6125 St. Clair Ave. Cleveland 44103

Ha Ahn

Korean and Japanese restaurant 3030 Superior Avenue Cleveland, 44114 216-664-1152 (CLOSED)

Hansa Brewery (Slovenia)

Brewery and Restaurant 2717 Lorain Ave. Cleveland 44113 (CLOSED)

Heck’s Café (Syria)

Home-style American Restaurant 2927 Bridge Ave. Cleveland 44113

India Garden (India)

Indian Restaurant 18405 Detroit Ave. Lakewood 44107

Indies Indian Cuisine (India)

Restaurant 530 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44143 216-357-3266 (CLOSED)

Jaipur Junction (India)

Indian Restaurant 9249 W. Sprague Road North Royalton 44133 (CLOSED)

Jojo’s African Market (Liberia)

African Market 4624 Clark Ave. Cleveland 44102 (OPEN)

Call: 216-242-8130

Kaba’s African Market (Guinea)

4098 Lee Road Suite A Cleveland 44128 (OPEN)

Call: 216-751-9112

Kafaya’s Kitchen (Somalia)

Somali Restaurant 3650 W. 117th St. Cleveland 44111 (OPEN)

Kan Zaman (Jordan)

Arabic restaurant and hookah parlor 1616 W. 25th St. Cleveland 44113 (OPEN)

Korea House Restaurant

Traditional Korean restaurant 3700 Superior Avenue Cleveland 41144 216-431-0462 (OPEN)

La Maison Palette

Fair trade coffee and tea 12001 Detroit Avenue Lakewood 44107 216-577-9527 (PERMANENTLY CLOSED)

Luchita’s Mexican Restaurant (Mexico)

3456 W. 117th St. Cleveland 44111 (OPEN)

La Fiesta Tacqueria (Gutatemala)

Guatemalan and Mexican restaurant 7403 Denison Avenue Cleveland 44102 216-212-3423 (CLOSED)

Mallorca (Portugal)

1390 W. 9th St (OPEN)

Mason’s Creamery (China)

Ice Creamery 4401 Bridge Ave. Cleveland 44113 (CLOSED)

MoMo’s Kebab (Morocco)

Moroccan Restaurant 2199 Lee Road Cleveland Heights 44118

Miega Korean (Korea)

Korean-style barbecue 3820 Superior Avenue Cleveland 44114 216-432-9200 (OPEN)

Nate’s Deli (Lebanon)

Lebanese Restaurant 1923 W. 25th St. Cleveland 44113 (CLOSED)

Nepali Kitchen (Bhutan)

Nepali Restaurant 399 E. Cuyahoga Falls Ave. Akron 44310 (OPEN)

Nighttown (Ireland)

Restaurant and Jazz Club 12383 Cedar Road Cleveland Heights 44106 (OPEN)

Ninja City (Korea, Vietnam)

Asian street food 11311 Euclid Ave. Cleveland 44106 (OPEN)

Ohio Kebob (Afghanistan)

Afghani Restaurant 28879 Lorain Road North Olmsted 44070

Olesias Place (Ukraine)

Ukrainian Restaurant 3960 Broadview Road, Richfield, OH 44286

Pacific East (Japan, Malaysia)

Japanese Restaurant 1763 Coventry Road Cleveland Heights 44118

Phnom Pehn (Cambodia)

Cambodian Restaurant 1929 W. 25th St Cleveland 44113

Superior Pho (Vietnam)

Vietnamese Restaurant 3030 Superior Ave #105 Cleveland 44114

Taj India Palace (India)

Indian Restaurant 5156 Wilson Mills Road Cleveland 44143

Tink Holl Market (China)

Asian Grocery Store 1735 E. 36th St. Cleveland 44111

TOMO Sushi & Hibachi

(Serbia, Croatia) 1293 W. 9th Street Cleveland 44113

Pho Thang Café (Vietnam)

Vietnamese restaurant 815 Superior Ave. Cleveland 44114

Pupuseria La Bendicion (El Salvador)

Salvadorian Restaurant 3685 W. 105th St Cleveland 44111

Rose’s Braai (Zimbabwe)

African Barbeque 401 Euclid Ave Cleveland 44114

Sabor Miami Café (Honduras)

Latin American Restaurant 4745 State Road Cleveland 44109

Shynok Party Center (Russia)

Banquet Hall 5840 State Road Parma 44134

Siam Cafe (Vietnam)

South Asian restaurant 3951 St. Clair Ave. Cleveland 44114

Tortilleria La Bamba (Mexico)

Mexican Bakery and Restaurant 12119 Bennington Ave. Cleveland 44111

Tree Country Bistro (Thailand)

Thai Restaurant 1803 Coventry Road Cleveland Heights 44118

Ty Fun Thai (Thailand)

Thai Restaurant 815 Jefferson Ave. Cleveland 44113

Urban Kitchen (Egypt)

9751 Chester Ave. Cleveland 44145

Valerio’s Ristorante (Italy)

Italian restaurant 12405 Mayfield Road Cleveland 44106

Wonton Gourmet (China)

Chinese restaurant 3211 Payne Avenue

Zoma (Ethiopia)

Ethiopian Restaurant 2240 Lee Road Cleveland Heights 44118

Saffron Patch (India)

Indian Restaurant 20600 Chagrin Blvd Shaker Heights OH 216-295-0400 (OPEN)

Emperor’s Palace (China)

Chinese restaurant 2136 Rockwell Avenue (OPEN)

Sichuan Hot Pot (China)

Chinese restaurant 2162 Rockwell Avenue (OPEN)

Pearl Asian Kitchen (China)

Chinese restaurant 20060 Van Aken Blvd, Shaker Heights 216-751-8181 (OPEN)